Visit Year Nepal 2011
Naturally Nepal, once is not enough!!
GOVERNMENT OF NEPAL HAS LAUNCHED A NATIONAL TOURISM CAMPAIGN “NEPAL TOURISM YEAR 2011”, REFLECTING THE GOVERNMENT’s ANTICIPATION TO BRING INTO NEPAL AT LEAST ONE MILLION INTERNATIONAL TOURISTS BY THE YEAR 2011 AND TOURISM INDUSTRY’S EXIGENCY TO ORGANIZE A TOURISM PROMOTION CAMPAIGN FOR WIDER IMPACT.
With the badge of adventure destination glittering and the adage ‘tithi Devo Bhava’ (Guests are Gods) embedded in our culture, the portfolio of tourism products never cease to mesmerize the visitors. The unparallel cultural, geographical, ethnic and bio diversities of the country allure visitors to Nepal time and again which truly substantiates the spirit of Nepal tourism brand ‘Naturally Nepal, once is not enough!’
The concept of Nepal Tourism Year 2011 envisions harnessing these opportunities and strengths and bringing together the commitment of the government, expertise and experiences of the organizations like Nepal Tourism Board, aptitude and dynamism of the private sector and communities for further tourism development in the country. Representation and active participation from the major political parties, members of the Constitution Assembly and Right groups is always taken into prominence in order to make the campaign inclusive and participatory in modus operandi and effective in result. The campaign will also focus on mobilizing the networks of the Non-Resident Nepalis (NRN) communities, Nepalese diplomatic missions abroad, INGOs and NGOs, airlines and national and international media. Similarly, friends and well-wishers of Nepal, tourism academicians and celebrities will be approached in order to highlight the campaign internally as well as internationally.
Nepal is a Treasure Trove of Natural Heritage
Source: Nepal Tourism Board
Nepal, a treasure trove of natural heritage, is a relatively small nation of 25.8 million people where climatic zones vary dramatically within a short distance from the low lying Kanchan Kalan (67m) to Mount everest (8848m), the highest point on earth.
Little known until the mid-20th century, when the country was opened to the outside world, Nepal is home to 101 diverse ethnic groups who even today practice centuries-old traditions and religious beliefs which have changed little over time.
Nepal’s ecological zones run east to west and are vertically intersected by the river systems. The southern lowland Tarai (67-300m) continues to the Bhabar belt covered with the Char Kose Jhadi forests known for rich wildlife. Further north, the Siwalik zone (700-1500m) and the Mahabharat range (1500-2700m) give way to the Duns (valleys), such as Trijuga, Sindhuli, Chitwan, Dang and Surkhet. The Midlands (600-3500m), north of the Mahabharat range is where the two beautiful valleys of Kathmandu and Pokhara lie covered in terraced ricefields, and surrounded by forested watersheds.
The high Himalaya (above 3000m) comprises mountain crests, alpine pastures and temperate forests limited by the tree-line (4000m) and snow line (5500m). eight of the 14 eight-thousanders of the world lie in Nepal: Sagarmatha (Mount everest 8848m), Kanchenjunga (8586m), Lhotse (8516m), Makalu (8463m), Cho Oyu (8201m), Dhaulagiri (8167 m), Manaslu (8163m) and Annapurna (8091m).
The inner Himalayan valleys (above 3600m) such as Mustang and Dolpa are cold deserts sharing topographical characteristics with the Tibetan plateau. Nepal has five seasons: spring, summer, monsoon, autumn, and winter. The high Himalaya acts as a barrier to the cold winds blowing from Central Asia in winter, and forms the northern boundary of the monsoon wind patterns. eighty percent of the precipitation is received during the monsoon (June-September). Winter rains are more pronounced in the western hills. The average annual rainfall is 1600mm, but varies by eco-climatic zones, such as 3345mm in Pokhara and below 300mm in Mustang.
Temperature varies according to topographic variations with an average temperature drop of 6°C for every 1000m gain in altitude. In the Tarai, winter temperatures are between 22-27°C, while summer temperatures exceed 37°C. In the Midlands, temperatures are between 12-16°C.
Nepal holds the so called ‘Water Towers of South Asia’ with its 6000 rivers which are snow-fed or dependant on rain. The perennial rivers include the Mahakali, Karnali, Narayani, and Koshi Rivers originating in the Himalaya. The medium-sized rivers like Babai, West Rapti, Bagmati, Kamla, Kankai, and Mechi Rivers generally originate in the Midlands and the Mahabharat range. A large number of seasonal streams, mostly originating in the Siwaliks, flow across the Tarai.
Of the 163 wetlands documented, nine are globally recognized as Ramsar sites. The immense diversity in Nepal’s flora and fauna is remarkable. Its wildlife resources belong to the Palaearctic and Indo-Malayan realms. The 136 ecosystems is confined to 11 bio-climatic zones and 9 eco-regions that are defined by ecological features, climate, and plant and animal communities.
Comprising only 0.1% of land area on a global scale, Nepal possesses a disproportionately rich biodiversity. Of the total number of species found globally, Nepal possesses 2.80% plants, 3.96% mammals, 3.72% butterflies, and 8.90% birds.
Nepal’s 16 Protected Areas cover 19.67 % of its land compared to the global average of 11%. each of the nine national parks, three wildlife reserves, three conservation areas and one hunting reserve cover various geographical locations from the sub-tropical jungles of the tarai to the arctic conditions of the Everest region.